From the very outset, I would like to point out that the term China here does not include Hong Kong and Macau.
Resulting from 1978 economic reform from a Soviet-style centrally planed economy to a more market-oriented economy, China’s economy is always on the upward spiral. Early 1990s is China’s economic heyday, resulted from foreign direct investment, trade integrations and other like privatizations.
Today, almost everyday, we hear about China’s increasing economy, surprisingly for the last two decades China is the fastest growing economy in the world.The economy of the People’s Republic of China is the fourth largest in the world when measured by nominal GDP. Its economic output for 2006 was $ 2.68 trillion USD. Its per capita GDP in 2006 was approximately US $ 2,000 and rising rapidly everyday. And it’s global trade exceeded $ 1.758 trillion at the end of 2006.
Resulting the above very practical economic facts, we can presume that China’s economy is becoming more and more civilized. However, its “human rights” issues are still very uncivilized; I dare to say China’s human rights/civil rights always never grow at all.
According to different credible sources, China’s human rights and civil rights abuses are still ubiquitous and systematic.Human rights violations in the People’s Republic of China (PRC) remain systematic and widespread. The Chinese government continues to suppress dissenting opinions and maintains political control over the legal system, resulting in an arbitrary and sometimes abusive judicial regime. The lack of accountability of the government and the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) means that abuses by officials often go unchecked. This fact sheet identifies the most common types of abuses, including arbitrary detention, torture and ill-treatment of prisoners, severe restrictions on freedom of expression and association and violations specific to women.
Until today, freedom of expression and opinion, press freedom, freedom of religions, rights of the minority groups and other democracy-oriented freedoms are still systematically and ubiquitously restricted. Despite this modern time and its praiseworthy economic growth, Chinese government still embraces its barbarian natures: capital punishment, organ harvesting and extrajudicial execution, racial/political discrimination, and other systematic human rights and civil rights abuses.
It now comes to the time that China needs to balance its economic growth to its human rights and civil rights issues. No matter how strong will its economy be, Chinese government is still barbarian, as long as its people’s human rights and civil rights are still systematically and ubiquitously violated.
Vicheka Lay is the Translator and Legal Information Officer for DFDL Mekong Law Group, Freelance Translator for Asian Human Rights Commission, Hong Kong, and LL.M Candidate. He is also a member of the Legal Writing Institute, a legal analysis institution, based in Mercer University, the United States of America.
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